Things We Do (these days)

In my last post, I wrote about things we did in May. But I think as I look back on this season of life, I’ll treasure fewer of the special things we did during a certain month and more of what we do in regular life.

Here are some snippets I want to remember.

We Have Late Nights

My kids get the chance to earn a Late Night. It’s 15 or 20 minutes (depending on how many checkmarks they’ve earned) and they make the rules. It starts after their siblings go to bed and they can choose one or both parents to spend that time with and up to two activities to do.

On this night, Caitlyn picked running in the sprinklers with Daddy.

Scott was excited.

(I have dozens of great photos of this, but I am pretty sparing about the pictures I’ll post publicly of my kids when they are less than fully clothed. )

Mackenzie often chooses listening to me or Scott read aloud while she eats a big bowl of homemade banana ice cream (our favorite healthy treat… mmm).

We look adorable in our sleep

I can’t resist the cuteness of my kids sleeping.

We eat like kings (sometimes)

Scott still loves to cook. When he does, it usually takes a very long time and looks and tastes amazing. This is a kohlrabi salad that he and I ate around 11pm one night.

(For those keeping score at home, we don’t eat cheese very regularly but those are aged parmesan shaved triangles on top, along with sliced kohlrabi, apple, toasted hazelnuts and fresh mint.)

We dress up

At any given moment, there’s a good bet that at least one of our kids is wearing fancy shoes, a tutu, or a hat. Caitlyn, in particular, emerges from her closet wearing the most amazing combinations.

Dressing up like Daniel is a favorite pastime, since all three kids can wear his clothes:

One evening, the girls were having a hard time finding motivation to pick up the house and I commented that they needed a hero to help them.

They got one! Scott strode in to save the day wearing a cape and mask. He has a talent for voices and stayed completely in character, and when the room was clean he excused himself to go rescue someone from a burning building. Scott came back sans mask and cape several minutes later and claimed no knowledge of any hero. The girls ate it right up and I’m not sure I’ve ever loved my husband more. :)

We love our snuggly blankets

Daniel enjoys rubbing his cheek on his blanket. I melted the day he found it hanging out to dry and kept visiting it. :)

We especially like our snuggly blankets when we’re sad. Side note: Little kids get sad a lot. I had no idea before I became a mother.

We I occasionally take pictures of myself so my kids know I was there for their childhood

We lose teeth

Well, one of us does. The rest of us celebrate enthusiastically, lest the kids catch on to the fact that I’m secretly creeped out by the whole concept of losing teeth.

We play in the yard

We climb trees…

… and sometimes we get stuck.

We ride bikes. (We usually wear helmets, though! Not sure what happened here.)

See? Helmet. :)

Posted in Life as we know it | Leave a comment

Things We Did (in May)

Marathon in a Month

Mackenzie completed another Marathon in a Month (which she has done twice before).

New friends in Oregon added to the fun and even brought silly string to make the Final Mile more of a party. (Note: Silly string is not actually a party to clean off a rubber track.)

Caitlyn (3 1/2) was not quite ready to join this year, but she gamely lined up at the start line and accepted a popsicle at the end. :)

After realizing in her third season that she is not a big fan of soccer and having to stick it out until the last game anyway, it was really great for Mackenzie to focus on something she loves: running!

(Caitlyn’s medal was for finishing her reading lessons that same day!)

1/2 Marathon for Me

I signed up for my first long race since I became a mother! Since being pregnant with Mackenzie, I have never been able to run more than a mile at a time without pain, but I was determined to figure out what was wrong and get back to running. After over 7 years, I missed it.

So I committed to a race and with some trepidation and a trusty foam roller to help my IT band, I ran 2 miles on my first training run… and thought I might die. I was in good shape but not running shape and definitely not running on hills shape. Fast forward two months and many more hills, and I completed the Newport 1/2 Marathon in just under 2 hours, meeting my pie-in-the-sky time goal, and feeling like a million bucks because I was able to run without pain!

Caitlyn’s Joy School Graduation

I love Joy School but this may be the only official semester Caitlyn does. It was a bit tricky to work in with a consistent homeschool schedule so I think we may just adapt the lessons and hit the highlights in the future.

She loved it and graduation included singing adorable songs and wearing adorable caps. However, she wasn’t digging pictures that day and so most looked like this:

or this:

or at best this:

Though I laughed out loud when I saw this gem:

I’m pretty sure he was swatting her with the cap and there was certainly no kissing going on in that picture… but it sure looks like I’m wrong.

Caitlyn finishes her reading lessons!

This will need its own post at some point, but I wrote previously that my (first) three year old could read. Mackenzie is now 6 1/2 and I honestly didn’t intend to start her little sister on reading lessons quite yet… but sometimes I don’t follow my own plans. Caitlyn (3 1/2) finished lesson 100 in May and is becoming a great little reader.

This is one of the highlights of motherhood so far, seeing the world unfold to my children as they take off on reading.

Naturally, we danced to celebrate.

May was quite a month around here!

Posted in Homeschooling, Life as we know it | 1 Comment

Lily, Our First, But Not Our Last, Pet Snail

Free, low-maintenance, a great listener, patient, always willing to be held, low mess… could it be? Yes, we had the perfect pet.

Meet Lily.

Growing up, my mom paid me a nickel a piece to kill snails in our yard. But last November, my daughter and her cousin found a baby snail in the yard and I surprised myself by suggesting we keep “her”. She was so tiny and cute, I couldn’t resist. My then-five-year-old eagerly snatched the container I rescued from the recycling and raced back outside to craft her a suitable habitat.

Spot the snail!

We checked in with her every day or so to see where she was hanging out. We sprayed things down a bit with a water bottle every week or two, change up the rocks or grass/moss/leafy greens as we thought about it, and we enjoyed her companionship.

Until about April, she lived happily (by all appearances) in our home in her spinach container and aside from turning a little blue from grazing on the label on the top of the container, she appeared unharmed by our efforts to care for her. From the label incident, we concluded that since she snailed her way back into the container, she must like it there!

It was pet success as far as I was concerned.

And then, one day about five months after we adopted her, inexplicably Lily had ~14 babies. I googled it and admittedly, I only skimmed, but it makes no sense to me. Snails are hermaphrodites but it should still take two to tango.

The babies were cute though, and didn’t seem to require any extra maintenance…

But then there were more babies.

I decided it was getting a bit crowded in that bin and it was time to let the snails go, so we bid them a fond farewell (along with the three worms who had somehow found their way into the bin as well.)

We counted 21 and Mackenzie might have even shed a tear before she commented that the snails “really seem to like each other” and I hastily cut the goodbyes short.

Lilly, the Long-Necked and her unexpected posterity

Posted in I am a mother | 1 Comment

Creating a Fabulous Homeschooling Schedule for Multiple Ages

As we neared the end of our second year homeschooling with a 6 1/2 year old, a 3 1/2 year old, and a 1 1/2 year old, I had some scheduling and routine challenges:

  • First and foremost, my two younger kids can be very mischievous and sometimes destructive if they are roaming the house without my supervision.
  • My 6 1/2 year old was not reliable about completing her schoolwork without my supervision.
  • If I had an activity planned for the younger kids, even something as simple as reading picture books to them or having them help me hang up the laundry outside, my oldest child would instantly want to be doing that instead of her schoolwork. She enjoyed her work if I was with her, but could flip on a dime and come up with very creative ways to get distracted if I wasn’t giving her one-on-one attention.
  • I had a hard time being with my homeschooler and supervising my younger kids at the same time, and that didn’t take into account the fact that I wanted and needed to do other things, such as cooking, cleaning, reading, changing diapers, disciplining, and exercising.

As my daughter transitioned into her 1st grade year, I wanted to step up the amount of formal education she received. However, I was feeling conflicted. I loved the fact that learning happened throughout the day and that our schedule could be flexible. We had so many magical moments where the line between education and play blurred and we were learning and laughing as a family. I didn’t want to give that up!

However, on the recommendation from many seasoned homeschoolers, I bought the book “Managers of Their Homes” by Steve and Teri Maxwell and waded into the waters of strict schedules. The book is unabashedly Christian and geared towards larger, homeschooling families, but the principles could be well applied to any family with currently unstructured time at home with kids (summer vacation, young children). If you have goals and things you’d like to accomplish during the day with young children under foot or you’re juggling the needs of multiple children and you are frustrated that the most important things are consistently left undone, the principles in the book might lead you to an elegant solution.

Thinking it out

The first epiphany I had when reading the book was that I needed to decide what I wanted to spend my time on.

There are 24 hours in a day. How many of those did I realistically need/want to spend sleeping? Cooking dinner? Reading with and to my kids? Exercising? I started making a list and dreamed big dreams. I thought of all the “wouldn’t it be nice if I could do this” things and put them on the list. I also took a closer look at how long everyday things were realistically taking me to accomplish, such as eating and clearing up breakfast. I tried to adjust the list accordingly. I found that many things needed to be tabled for “another season” in life. But I was pleasantly surprised to find I could make space in my day for several worthy “extra” things.

A few things on my list that have really improved my quality of life:
- 30 minutes “memory keeping” – this includes blogging, journaling, processing photos, etc. This is something that is a big priority for me but in the past was often left undone until the task was overwhelming.
– 30 minutes preparation for following day – this includes wrapping up the current day by checking math, tracking summer reading program stuff, capturing on paper all the things swirling in my brain, etc. It’s also my time checking my calendar for the following day, making The Dinner Decision, laying out school things, etc.

The second epiphany was that I needed to decide what I wanted my kids to spend their time on. If I didn’t want my preschooler to just roam around wreaking havoc, then I should probably think about what she could do with her time instead. :) She definitely has free time in her list, but in the next step, I made sure to schedule it during times when I’m available to supervise.

After reading the Maxwells’ book, I realized one glaring error in the homeschooling schedule I created at the beginning of the year was that I really didn’t account for my younger children. They then quickly became “distractions” from the schedule, which was frustrating for everyone.

There are dozens of examples in the books for kids of different ages, but here is my 3 year old’s current list. Keep in mind that this is not in order (because the order will need to mesh with the rest of the family) and keep in mind that this is totally personal so your own children’s lists may look very different:
- 1/4 hour wake up chores (bathroom, pray, get dressed, clean room, scripture story with her sister)
- 1/2 hour nighttime prep (jammies, family scripture & prayer, story, etc.)
- 1/2 hour breakfast
- 1/2 hour lunch
- 1 hour dinner
- 1/2 hour snacks
- 1/4 hour scripture memory work
- 1/2 hour Table Time (x2)
- 1/2 hour reading with mom
- 1/2 hour reading with big sister
- 1 hour afternoon project with sister (science, art, etc.)
- 1/2 hour room alone time
- 1 hour outside play
- 1 hour inside play with siblings
- 1/2 hour Mama helper (laundry, dusting etc.)
- 1/2 hour cleanup/dance party before Daddy comes home
- 11 1/2 hours nighttime sleep
- 1 1/2 hour nap

Of course there are times when we go have an adventure or have other plans so we don’t have a full 24 hours to do the above. However, having an idea of “what comes next” and having a flow to our day has helped tremendously with the peace of our home. The process of coming up with the lists also made me more conscious and deliberate in terms of what I want my kids doing.

Creating a schedule

Once I had lists for me and each of my children, I moved the chunks of time around until they lined up in a workable way. I started with the things we did together like meals and morning memory work, and filled in from there. Here are some examples of things that I made a priority:

- 30 minutes for me and my 3 1/2 year old to work on reading together. She’s done with her reading lessons and I want to make sure she gets daily practice trading off reading picture books with me. (My oldest and youngest children play together during this time in one of the bedrooms. They love this!)

- 30 minutes of time for my oldest to play the piano (and be taught by me) without interruption from littler fingers. (So, this is scheduled at the same time as individual play time for each of my younger children in their rooms. They listen to audiobooks or music and play with one set of toys and clean them up at the end. I also use this time to clean up breakfast mess when I’m not actively teaching.)

- 30 minutes of memory work for my oldest daughter, which spans several different subjects. My 3 1/2 year old sometimes, but not always, likes to join in. She also absorbs a lot of this just by being in close proximity. (So, both younger kids have “Table Time” which entails playing/learning at the kitchen table. I facilitate and sneak in some kitchen prep if I can.)

Hopefully that makes sense! I was surprised to find that this method is still flexible, because we can jump into and out of schedule as needed, provided most of our school days follow the same basic routine. And, as our needs change, we can shuffle things around a bit and swap in different activities without starting from scratch.

A Well-Oiled Machine

Ok, my house won’t ever look like a well-oiled machine with young children (and my imperfect self) in it! But after a few weeks of teaching my children what was expected and ironing out some issues, I was blown away by how much more smoothly my days were running. It wasn’t just that I was accomplishing more, it was that I was accomplishing more of what mattered to me.

My girls get outside every non-rainy day for an hour in the afternoon to ride bikes and play together. My girls have a special time when the older reads the younger picture books (and I blog!). I get some dinner prep done in the early afternoon so I’m less stressed and cranky when Scott gets home.

I still only have 24 hours in day but the schedule helps me to consciously choose how I spend them.

Change is Hard

Here are some other changes which were necessary to get us to smoother sailing. Every single one is still a work-in-progress. But we’re improving:

- I need to wake my kids up at a certain time each day. Yes, one of the perks of homeschooling is not having to catch a bus, but I’ve learned our family does better if I wake everyone up at the same time and adjust nap and bedtimes accordingly so each individual still gets the right amount of sleep for himself or herself. Currently this is 7:30 for the girls.

- I need to hold myself accountable for getting enough sleep so I can have a good start in the morning. I struggle with burning the midnight oil and waking up exhausted the next day. Our days are miles better when I’m up and at it before the kids.

- My 6 1/2 year old really needs to trust the schedule. When I am consistent and she knows outdoor play, picture books, etc. are all coming at their appointed times, she settles into schoolwork with far less distraction and grumbling.

- My two younger kids need to learn to be ok on their own for 30 minutes of playtime. They both love it now and my 3 1/2 year old, especially, begs for more Room Time with her great audio books.

- We are learning to get one toy set out at a time and put it away before we move on to the next activity. This is sort of built into the schedule and I love it! We definitely still need to pick up the house before dinner, but it stays clean all morning which makes focusing on learning much easier.

- I need to get my act together the night and week before. It was painful to realize I was “winging” it with school and it was causing major bumps in our day. In the past, I thought it was not a big deal to just shuffle things together for math right beforehand, but when I started keeping an eye on the clock, I realized that my shuffling was throwing a wrench in the gears and often led to distractions for my daughter and for me.

- I need to limit mealtime. My kids can sit at the table for over an hour for each meal, eating their food. My friends have marveled at this many times, because apparently most young kids hardly sit still for meals. I’ve started moving the show along after 30 minutes and I’ve found my children are capable of eating a meal in a more reasonable amount of time if they know the food will be disappearing. So we do 30 minutes for breakfast and lunch now, and up to 60 minutes for dinner because we often do special stuff at dinner time.

Whew! If you made it through that post I’m guessing you either have a scheduling problem yourself or you think I’m crazy and couldn’t bring yourself to look away. :)

Questions? Tips for scheduling or thriving without a schedule?

Posted in Deliberate Mothering, Homeschooling, Life as we know it | 4 Comments

Family Traditions: Special Pillowcases

We are big on family traditions and systems around here. I love the sense of unity they give our family and the anticipation of upcoming traditions adds extra excitement to what could be ordinary days.

Here’s one simple one we love:

Special Pillowcases

I’m not a seamstress by any stretch of the imagination, but I followed this simple method of making pillowcases.

Here’s what we have so far:

A birthday pillowcase for the girls of the family to use during their birthday week:

Christmas pillowcases. Six to choose from on December 1st, and we use them through Christmas Day.

And a coveted super star pillowcase, given at unexpected times for extraordinary effort or accomplishment. (This also doubles as the boy birthday pillowcase, currently.)

Obviously I don’t iron my pillowcases. In fact, I don’t even own an iron right now. Ha!

What I love about this tradition

It takes up very little storage space. It requires an initial investment of time and money but it’s a fun project and easy to find fabrics on sale after holidays. I can’t sew straight and I even cut one of the pillowcases the wrong direction and had to re-piece it together, but once a pillow is inside it really doesn’t matter!

After the initial investment, the tradition is very low maintenance and very high yield. The kids go bananas over their pillowcases and always make sure Scott and I don’t miss out either. :)

I just scooped up some fabrics for 4th of July pillowcases and at some point I’d like to do a true boy birthday pillowcase and some for Valentine’s Day.

Posted in Deliberate Mothering, Life as we know it, Parenting & Household Hacks | 4 Comments

8 Things My Kids Hear Me Say Often

“What did you hear me say?”

Occasionally, my kids go through a period of selective hearing loss. They start responding frequently to questions or comments I make with, “What?!”

Instead of repeating myself, or getting frustrated, I learned to say the magic words, “What did you hear me say?”

This response works well because I find the hearing deficit is usually due to one of two things:
1) Laziness. My child is just not bothering to pay much attention to what I’m telling them, and saying “What?” is an easy way of getting me to repeat it. Asking them to do the work of telling me what they heard magically slows the stream of “what?!”s.

2) Genuine misunderstanding. Sometimes my child was listening and what they heard doesn’t make sense to them. We come to a quicker understanding with each other when I know what they think I said. Then I can confirm it or set them straight.

“We don’t pull things down off the counters!”

My 1 and 3 year olds are king and queen of reaching fingers up onto countertops and groping and grabbing things down. They usually have no clue what’s up there and I can’t count the number of near misses we’ve had as they’ve pulled down plates, stacks of papers, full cups of water, buckets of toys, etc.

Even though I am in the habit of keeping things back from the edge, The Long Arm of the Law (my 3 year old) is getting longer and she just can’t seem to rein in that curiosity! My 1 year old recently learned to scoot chairs around the kitchen and climb up on them.


“How do we…?”

This is my gentle way of giving my kids a do-over.

If they say, “More, please!” I respond with, “How do you ask for something?” and they know to try again with “May I have some more, please, Mama?”

“How do we respond when someone says ‘thank you’?”
“How do we say that politely?”
“How do we interrupt someone politely?”
“How do we respond when someone asks for help?”
and on and on

I’d rather give my kids a new chance to remember their manners than criticize their first attempt.

“I’m happy to help when you do your best.”

My kids know that if they work hard, I’ll often come help them with their jobs. But if they don’t… no help from me!

My three year old also hears this from me when she’s trying to do something and it’s not working. She tends to burst into tears of frustration before I remind her that her best is enough because I can make up the difference.

“The person who __________ gets a high five.”

At my kids’ ages (6, 3, 1) they are highly motivated by my own enthusiasm. If I want a willing, fast helper, all it usually takes is a friendly competition. “The person who cleans up 10 things the fastest gets a high five.” “Everyone gets a high five if we can work together to get this laundry put away in 7 minutes.”

I’m sure that won’t last forever but I’ll use it while I can. :)

“Tell me about it”

This is how I respond when my kids draw a picture. I learned a long time ago that “what is it?” is offensive when they’re sure their creation should be recognizable a mile away as a purple octopus riding a train. “Tell me about it” lets them do the talking.

“You get what you get and you don’t throw a fit.”

I actually don’t say this one to my kids often anymore, because they remind each other! I’m not a fan of trying to make everything “fair”. I believe life is easier and better when I just heap love on all my kids without worrying about everyone getting the same number of apple slices on their lunch plate.

So sometimes one child gets to be my buddy for cooking lunch, and sometimes another child gets the last bite of pineapple, and sometimes the same person might seem to get two things special in a row. But, my kids know that if you complain, you’ll lose what you have.

We practice being excited for another’s good fortune, and I’ve seen my kids learn empathy from this as well. The person with the special treat remembers what it’s like not to get it sometimes and they’re more motivated to share. (My kids get plenty of practice sharing, but I very rarely ask them to do so.)

“I hear you”

I respond this way when my kids are expressing a negative emotion about something I can’t (or won’t) fix.
“I don’t want to take a nap! I’d rather play outside.” -> “I hear you. Maybe we can play more later.”

“I’m frustrated that I can’t go to the party.” -> “I hear you. It would have been fun if the time worked out with our schedule.”

Sometimes I don’t understand where my kids are coming from and why something is so important (or so frustrating, etc.) to them, but they are often like me when I talk to my husband about something: I don’t usually need him to fix the situation. I just want someone to hear me.

“I love to watch/hear/see you…”

I try to tell and show my kids that my love for them is endless. At the same time, I try to be very honest with my praise.

Rather than tell them their piano playing sounds great (it often doesn’t yet), I say “I love to hear you play that piece” or “I love to see you working hard at the tricky parts”. “I can tell you’ve worked hard” or “I can hear improvement” also come out when merited. And I can always fall back on: “Thank you for playing for me. I love you.” :)

“Who is your best friend in the world?”

So far this works great, because my kids’ best friends are each other. All it takes is responding with their sibling’s name, and they’re usually either cracking a smile or feeling sheepish for their heated behavior of the moment before. Variations include, “What girl do you love who is wearing a striped shirt?” “How many sisters do you have to play with?” etc.


… I also need to make a corollary list for things I can’t believe came out of my mouth. Last night? “Ok, we are just not going to fight about who gets to wear a parrot on their foot.”

How about you? What are common phrases at your house?

Posted in Life as we know it | 3 Comments

Hard Can Be Epic: Our Summer Road Trip (Part 3 of 3)

Read part 1 of this list here.
Read part 2 of this list here.

7. Old Friends Are Gold

We were lucky enough to see old friends in several different states along the way. It was an absolute pleasure to accept their warm hospitality and donated socks.

I wasn’t kidding when I said socks kept going missing on this trip! I’m used to the odd disappearance in a dryer, but we misplaced an implausible number of socks last summer. We must have left a continuous trail behind stretching from Ohio to Oregon. One sock every 100 miles seems like it would be about right.

We often stayed in a nearby hotel to give us a home base (and solid naptime, alone time for my introvert husband, etc.), but many hours were spent talking and reconnecting with friends. So often, Scott and I carried sleepy kids into the hotel at the end of a great day and exclaimed over how it felt like no time at all had passed since the last time we had seen our friends.

Obviously photography was not a focus for me on this trip, and it was actually a wonderful change of pace. I decided it was most important for me to be “in the picture” instead of behind a lens. It was a good decision, though as I look through the photos I realize there are lots of gaps!

8. Seeing Wild Dolphins in Mexico

While we were already on the road, my friend who we planned to visit in Arizona mentioned we should visit her family’s beach house in Mexico as well.

I’m not sure I’ve ever jumped on an opportunity so fast.

We already had passports for the kids and several days at a beachfront house in Mexico with great friends was a dream come true!

Getting back into the U.S. was a completely different kind of dream… but that story belongs in another kind of post.

Our view from the back patio.

It was so wild and crazy to be there in the first place, that I had to jump on the chance to go four-wheeling in the sand (a first for me) and paddle boarding (also a first for me). And when we spotted dolphins out the window, it was totally natural to run and jump on a jet ski and go find them in the waves.

I’m still pinching myself that that all happened to me.

Something else that happened to me: While we were driving down there, I saw a spider that was so big, I spotted it crossing the freeway in front of us at night.

9. Stocking up on Extended Family Memories

I wasn’t close to any cousins or aunts and uncles growing up, so I relish the chance my kids have to be with their extended family. Living all the way in Ohio, though, we weren’t close to anyone. Oregon is a bit better but we still have to leave the state to meet up.

The trip was family paradise, however. :)

Aunt Melanie is always a huge hit:

We hit the Salt Lake City Zoo with a gaggle of cousins:

An ocean-full of girlie cousins at the magnificent San Diego SmugMug retreat:

Every kid should have an Uncle Paul:

Do I even need to mention that he’s the one holding the camel’s tail?

Daniel thought he’d died and gone to heaven when Paul with his bottomless energy zoomed him around the cobblestone walkways at the San Diego Zoo. I’ll confess I thought Daniel might very well die and go to heaven on a few of the tighter turns, but all’s well that ends well. ;)

Caitlyn got some quality swing time in with her only redheaded Bean cousin. (She has one redhead on my side, too!):

Nobody pushes a swing quite like my Grandpa Johnson, though:

We visited Grandma Bean at work:

My kids adore her because she so clearly adores them.

Mackenzie found some likeminded cousins:

And my personal favorite… Caitlyn’s uncle solicited her help in fixing his car.

She came into the house greasy and glowing.

10. Walking Into a Tree (and into a new adventure…)

I’m not sure why we pulled over at this particular spot in the redwood forests of northern California, but as we explored we discovered a hollow tree together.

We could crawl in there and see straight up to the sky.

We also took a wonderful hike together nearby. It was towards the tail end of our trip and the majesty, peace and beauty of that forest will stay with me for a long time. We hardly saw anyone else in the hours we were there. It was utterly quiet and smelled heavenly. I loved breathing that air as a family and knowing we were going to start a new chapter of our lives together in just a few days.

What a summer!

Posted in Life as we know it, Trips | 1 Comment